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Working towards a sustainable Curaçao

How Curaçao can shift from landfilling to a more sustainable waste management system

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Working towards a sustainable Curaçao

How Curaçao can shift from landfilling to a more sustainable waste management system

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Samenvatting

The country of Curaçao, a Small Island Developing State, is currently dealing with the challenge of
waste mismanagement. Inhabitants generate approximately 2.5 kilograms of waste per day per
capita, and the majority of this generated waste is landfilled at the Malpais landfill. The current issue
is that Malpais landfill is almost full, with a remaining lifespan of approximately 10 to 15 years.
Therefore, solutions must be sought to try to solve the island’s waste management issue.
The aim of this report is to research and identify possible solutions that may help in solving
Curaçao’s waste management issue. To research possible solutions, the central research question is
as follows: “How can Curaçao transform its current landfilling waste management system into
a more sustainable waste management system?”. For this report, sustainable waste management
is managing generated waste using a method that is more environmentally friendly based on the
waste hierarchy, thus diverting from landfilling.
The central research question is answered through desk research conducted and is based on
benchmarking factual country information publicly available on the internet. First, Curaçao’s current
situation is analyzed. Subsequently, based on the waste hierarchy, solutions are sought by identifying
and analyzing the waste management practices of five best performing countries. Additionally, the
practices of four islands identified as having waste management methods other than only landfilling
are analyzed, and are considered as possible solutions for Curaçao.
The results indicate that Curaçao has ineffective policies and regulations pertaining to waste
management, with incompetent institutional and limited human resource capacities enforcement. To
solve these issues, the government should invest in the waste management system. Second, waste
avoidance programs need to be implemented with consistency, while focusing on the program’s
effectiveness. Third, the community needs to be educated on the effects of their actions. Fourth, for
recycling, waste separation at source may be essential. Fifth, a deposit-refund system, compatible
with extended producer responsibility, may need to be employed by supermarkets to enhance
recycling activities. Subsequently, there may be an opportunity for inter-regional partnerships for
waste export in the future if recycling is not possible on a large scale. Lastly, considering the fact
that Curaçao does not have an incineration facility, it was found that building an incinerator may not
be feasible for a small island as Curaçao, and may therefore be more feasible to export waste.
The research shows that it may be possible for Curaçao to divert from landfilling and work towards
more sustainable practices for waste management. It is therefore recommended to conduct further
research into more practices suitable for islands, and to research the possibilities to establish interregional
collaboration schemes for waste exportation.

Toon meer
OrganisatieDe Haagse Hogeschool
AfdelingMO Europese Studies / European Studies
Jaar2018
TypeBachelor
TaalEngels

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