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Formation of advanced glycated end-products can be counteracted by daily physical activity, an observational study in Dutch elementary school children

Formation of advanced glycated end-products can be counteracted by daily physical activity, an observational study in Dutch elementary school children

Samenvatting

High consumption of carbohydrates is linked to metabolic syndrome, possibly via the endogenous formation of advanced glycated end-products. Many Dutch elementary school children have a carbohydrate intake of >130g/day, the estimated minimum requirement. In this observational study, 126 Dutch elementary school children (5-12y of age) from two schools differing in frequency of gym lessons (2 or 5 times a week) were included. In all participants, height, weight, waist circumference, autofluorescence of skin glycated end-products (AGE-score), sports activity and carbohydrate consumption were recorded once. Sports activities in leisure time differentiated participants in ‘sportsmen’ and ‘non-sportsmen’. Carbohydrate intake and AGE score were positively associated in non-sportsmen (p<0.003), but negatively in sportsmen (p<0.002). In sportsmen, but not in non-sportsmen (p>0.50), a positive association was found (p<0.002) between carbohydrate intake and subject age. The intake of total carbohydrate and carbohydrates from juices and soft drinks was lower (p<0.001) at the Wassenberg School relative to the Alexander School. Based on waist to height ratio, >95% of the children had normal fat mass. No correlations were found between waist to height ratio or BMI and carbohydrate intake. Waist to height ratio was positively associated with BMI (p<0.001)) and subject age (p<0.001). Of all principal parameters, AGE score is most affected by being sportsmen or not (p<0.001). This study indicates that an increased intake of carbohydrates can be counteracted by sufficient physical activity (>2.5 hours per week). This implies that skin autofluorescence is a fast and non-invasive method to screen children for life style.

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OrganisatieVan Hall Larenstein
LectoraatFood, Health & Safety
Gepubliceerd inNutrition & Food Science Juniper, Vol. 5, Uitgave: 5
Datum2018-03-12
TypeArtikel
ISSN0034-6659
TaalEngels

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