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Iron and zinc intake in children living in Kibona, rural Uganda : " To what extent are iron and zinc deficient in the diet of children aged 1-5 years living in Kibona, a rural village in Lwengo district, Uganda"

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Iron and zinc intake in children living in Kibona, rural Uganda : " To what extent are iron and zinc deficient in the diet of children aged 1-5 years living in Kibona, a rural village in Lwengo district, Uganda"

Rechten:

Samenvatting

Background: Worldwide, micronutrient deficiencies of iron and zinc are very common, with the highest prevalence in less developed countries. There is no known research to date on iron and zinc intake in the diets of children under five, within a rural village called Kibona in Lwengo District, Uganda. Due to the high figure of admissions of malnourished children to the Nutrition Ward in Kitovu Hospital in Masaka, the Kitovu medical team has for several years, sought to identify iron and zinc intakes of children in the surrounding area. It is strongly believed that such data and understanding would be crucial for effectively designing and targeting nutrition intervention measures in the future. Aim: To assess the dietary intakes of local children between one and five years of age to identify and measure the extent of inadequate intakes of iron and zinc, living in Kibona, a rural village in Lwengo District, so that effective nutrition education and food-based intervention programs can be planned in the future. Methods: Dietary intake was measured in fifty children between one and five years of age who were living in Kibona, Lwengo District, Uganda. A 24-hour recall method was used over a period of three days, with duplicate measurements on a subset of the sample to allow estimation of usual intake. Breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices were also surveyed. Results: Results showed that the mean daily iron intake was 5.1 mg/d for age category 1-3 and 8.2 mg/d for age category 3-6. The mean daily zinc intake was 2.0 mg/d for age category 1-3 and 2.5 mg/d for age category 3-6. Compared to the Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) of iron and zinc by the World Health Organisation, results show that 94% of the total children had iron deficiency in the diet, and 98% had zinc deficiency in the diet. Conclusion: The subjects had a predominantly plant-based diet. Foods of animal origin were consumed rarely. The total daily iron and zinc intake does not meet the daily RNI, due to low bioavailability of a plant-based diet. The RNI of iron and zinc may not be met in a plant-based diet. Kitovu Nutrition Ward will soon start to implement an educational program for the families on feeding, to improve the iron and zinc intake in children from Lwengo District to reduce iron and zinc deficiencies.

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Amsterdam
AfdelingBewegen, Sport en Voeding
Jaar2012
TypeBachelorscriptie
TaalEngels

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